Rosh Hoshanah, at the close of the old year, is a time when G-d examines the names in the Book of Life. We want to make sure our name is inscribed for the coming year. Thus, it’s an important time to examine ourselves, to correct things we have done wrong during the past year. It is a time for making peace and for making amends with those whom we have injured or offended, to eliminate anything that might prevent our names from being inscribed in the Book of Life for the coming year.
Rosh Hoshanah culminates in Yom Kippur, which is a day of prayer, fasting, and atonement. Observant Jews adhere to the same rules on Yom Kippur as on the Sabbath, in addition to some other observances which set the day apart. The fast is the only fast decreed in the Hebrew Bible. A twenty-five hour fast, it begins before sunset and ends after nightfall on Yom Kippur. In the year 2008, Yom Kippur falls between about 6:30 PM on Wednesday, October 8th and ends at about 7:30 PM on Thursday, October 9th.
Here’s one humorous rendering of how the candidates might handle the day of Atonement:
Shana Tova is the Hebrew way of saying "New Year Blessings"
If you want to learn more about Rosh Hoshanah and Yom Kippur, here is one link and a place to start: Click Here